Property Zero

The Path to Carbon Neutrality for UK Housing

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full report


The UK’s Net Zero target is under threat

Annual CO2 emissions for the country are around


UK housing is a big part of the problem.

of greenhouse gas emissions come from UK homes

In 2019 the residential sector emitted 81.6Mt CO2, accounting for 22% of all UK carbon dioxide emissions


is the equivalent of taking:

transatlantic flights

This is because % of our homes are classified as inefficient

We are improving but not fast enough

Click buttons to see rate of improvement


How do we get to Property Zero

The average home releases 2.77 tonnes of CO2 every year

  • Gas-powered central heating
  • Poor insulation
  • Electricity from national grid only
  • Single-glazed windows

Click through the steps

Our first step is by far
the most cost-effective

Cost of reducing emissions by one tonne

Creating a clear path to carbon neutrality for UK homes

Toggle the factors below to see how much we could reduce emissions



Reduce Energy consumption

Total emissions

Fabric Updates

Improve Energy efficiency

Total emissions

Decarbonisation of Electricity

Total emissions

Decarbonisation of Heating

Total emissions

Emissions reduced to


Find out more
about your area

< Toggle Data

The UK contains huge regional differences in emissions based on the housing type, fuel source and level of energy efficiency.

Average Emissions Per Property (T)

  • > 3 T
  • 2.81 T - 3.0 T
  • 2.70 T - 2.80 T
  • < 2.70 T

Region View